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mohammed’s last year 49 







The easiest way to learn about Islam is to learn about Mohammed. His 
biography is called the Sira, and this book is a condensation of it. 


Islam is defined by the words of Allah in the Koran, and the words and 
actions of Mohammed, called the Sunna. 

The Sunna is found in two collections of texts — the Sira (Mohammed’s 
life) and the Hadith. The Koran says 91 times that his words and actions 
are considered to be the divine pattern for humanity. 

A hadith, or tradition, is a brief story about what Mohammed did or 
said. A collection of hadiths is called a Hadith. There are many collections 
of hadiths, but the most authoritative are those by Bukhari and Abu Mus- 
lim, the ones used in this book. 

So the Trilogy is the Koran, the Sira and the Hadith. Most people think 
that the Koran is the bible of Islam, but it is only about 14% of the total 
textual doctrine. The Trilogy is the foundation and totality of Islam. 

The Relative Sizes of the Trilogy Texts 

Islam is defined by the words of Allah in the Koran, and the words and 
actions of Mohammed, the Sunna. 



No one text of the Trilogy can stand by itself; it is impossible to under- 
stand any one of the texts without the other supporting texts. The Koran, 
Sira, and Hadith are a seamless whole and speak with one voice. If it is in 
the Trilogy it is Islam. 


The word Kafir will be used in this book instead of “unbeliever”, the 
standard usage. Unbeliever is a neutral term. The Koran defines the Kafir 
and Kafir is not a neutral word. A Kafir is not merely someone who does 
not agree with Islam, but a Kafir is evil, disgusting, the lowest form of 
life. Kafirs can be deceived, hated, enslaved, tortured, killed, lied to and 
cheated. So the usual word “unbeliever” does not reflect the political real- 
ity of Islam. 

There are many religious names for Kafirs: polytheists, idolaters, Peo- 
ple of the Book (Christians and Jews), Buddhists, atheists, agnostics, and 
pagans. Kafir covers them all, because no matter what the religious name 
is, they can all be treated the same. What Mohammed said and did to 
polytheists can be done to any other category of Kafir. 

Islam devotes a great amount of energy to the Kafir. The majority (64%) 
of the Koran is devoted to the Kafir, and nearly all of the Sira (81%) deals 
with Mohammed’s struggle with them. The Hadith (Traditions) devotes 
32% of the text to Kafirs 1 . Overall, the Trilogy devotes 60% of its content 
to the Kafir. 

Amount of Text Devoted to Kafir 

Percentage of Text 





Here are a few of the Koran references: 

A Kafir can be mocked — 

83:34 On that day the faithful will mock the Kafirs, while they sit on bridal 
couches and watch them. Should not the Kafirs be paid back for what 
they did? 

A Kafir can be beheaded — 

47:4 When you encounter the Kafirs on the battlefield, cut off their heads 
until you have thoroughly defeated them and then take the prisoners and 
tie them up firmly. 

A Kafir can be plotted against — 

86:15 They plot and scheme against you [Mohammed], and I plot and 
scheme against them. Therefore, deal calmly with the Kafirs and leave 
them alone for a while. 

A Kafir can be terrorized — 

8:12 Then your Lord spoke to His angels and said, “I will be with you. Give 
strength to the believers. I will send terror into the Kafirs’ hearts, cut off 
their heads and even the tips of their fingers!” 

A Muslim is not the friend of a Kafir — 

3:28 Believers should not take Kafirs as friends in preference to other be- 
lievers. Those who do this will have none of Allah’s protection and will 
only have themselves as guards. Allah warns you to fear Him for all will 
return to Him. 

A Kafir is cursed — 

33:60 They [Kafirs] will be cursed, and wherever they are found, they will 
be seized and murdered. It was Allah’s same practice with those who 
came before them, and you will find no change in Allah’s ways. 


Muslims tell Christians and Jews that they are special. They are “People 
of the Book” and are brothers in the Abrahamic faith. But in Islam you 
are a Christian, if and only if, you believe that Christ was a man who was 
a prophet of Allah; there is no Trinity; Jesus was not crucified nor resur- 
rected and that He will return to establish Sharia law. To be a true Jew you 
must believe that the Torah is corrupt and Mohammed is the last in the 
line of Jewish prophets. 

This verse is positive: 

5:77 Say: Oh, People of the Book, do not step out of the bounds of truth 
in your religion, and do not follow the desires of those who have gone 



wrong and led many astray. They have themselves gone astray from the 
even way. 

Islamic doctrine is dualistic, so there is an opposite view as well. Here is 
the last verse written about the People of the Book (A later verse abrogates 
or replaces an earlier verse. See page 26.). This is the final word. It calls for 
Muslims to make war on the People of the Book who do not believe in the 
religion of truth, Islam. 

9:29 Make war on those who have received the Scriptures [Jews and Chris- 
tians] but do not believe in Allah or in the Last Day. They do not forbid 
what Allah and His Messenger have forbidden. The Christians and Jews 
do not follow the religion of truth until they submit and pay the poll tax 
[jizya] and they are humiliated. 

The sentence “They do not forbid...” means that they do not accept 
Sharia law; “until they submit” means to submit to Sharia law. Christians 
and Jews who do not accept Mohammed as the final prophet are Kafirs. 

In Islam, Christians and Jews are infidels and “People of the Book”; 
Hindus are polytheists and pagans. The terms infidel, People of the Book, 
pagan and polytheist are religious words. Only the word “Kafir” shows 
the common political treatment of the Christian, Jew, Hindu, Buddhist, 
animist, atheist and humanist. What is done to a pagan can be done to a 
Jew or any other Kafir. 

It is simple. If you don’t believe that Mohammed is the prophet of Al- 
lah, then you are a Kafir. 

The word Kafir will be used in this book instead of “unbeliever”, “non- 
Muslim” or “disbeliever”. Unbeliever or non-Muslim are neutral terms, 
but Kafir is not a neutral word. It is extremely bigoted and biased. 


There are three points of view in dealing with Islam. The point of view 
you have depends upon how you feel about Mohammed. If you believe 
Mohammed is the prophet of Allah, then you are a believer. If you don’t, 
you are a Kafir. The third viewpoint is that of a dhimmi, a Kafir who is an 
apologist for Islam. 

Dhimmis do not believe that Mohammed was a prophet, but they never 
say anything that would displease a Muslim. Dhimmis never offend Islam 
and condemn any analysis that is critical of Islam as being biased. 

Let us give an example of the three points of view. 



In Medina, Mohammed sat all day long beside his 12-year-old wife 
while they watched as the heads of 800 Jews were removed by sword. 2 
Their heads were cut off because they had said that Mohammed was not 
the prophet of Allah. Muslims view these deaths as necessary because 
denying Mohammed’s prophet-hood was an offense against Islam, and 
beheading is the accepted method of punishment, sanctioned by Allah. 

Kafirs look at this event as proof of the jihadic violence of Islam and as 
an evil act. They call it ethnic cleansing. 

Apologists (dhimmis) say that this was a historic event, that all cultures 
have violence in their past, and that no judgment should be passed. They 
ignore the Islamic belief that the Sunna, Mohammed’s words and deeds in 
the past, is the perfect model for today and tomorrow and forever. They 
ignore the fact that this past event of the beheading of 800 Jewish men 
continues to be acceptable in the present and the future, thus the fate of 
Daniel Pearl (a reporter who was beheaded on camera). 

According to the different points of view, killing the 800 Jews was either 
evil, a perfect godly act or only another historical event, take your pick. 

This book is written from the Kafir point of view and is therefore, Kaf- 
ir-centric. Everything in this book views Islam from how it affects Kafirs, 
non-Muslims. This also means that the religion is of little importance. 
Only a Muslim cares about the religion of Islam, but all Kafirs are affected 
by Islam’s political views. 

Notice that there is no right and wrong here, merely different points of 
view that cannot be reconciled. There is no possible resolution between 
the view of the Kafir and the Muslim. The apologist tries to bring about a 
bridge building compromise, but it is not logically possible. 


Islam is primarily a political ideology. No action or statement by Is- 
lam can be understood without understanding its origins in the Trilogy. 
Any analysis, statement, or opinion about Islam is incomplete without a 
reference to the Trilogy. The Trilogy is the source and basis of all Islamic 
politics, diplomacy, history, philosophy, religion, and culture. 


This book is unusual in that it does two things at once. It is the sim- 
plest book you can read to learn about the real Mohammed. At the same 

2 The Life of Muhammad, A. Guillaume, Oxford University Press, 1982, pg. 




time it is an authoritative biography because of the use of reference num- 
bers. [Don’t worry about these numbers. If you ignore them it doesn’t 
make any difference. They are there in case you want to confirm what you 
have read or want to know more. The number allows you look it up in the 
source text. It is similar to a chapter/verse.] Here is an example: 

1125 Mohammed made a decision that would have pleased Solo- 
mon. He... 

The I in “1 125 ” tells you that it comes from Ishaq, the most authoritative 
writer of the Sira. The 125 is a reference number printed in the margin of 
the Sira. ( The Life of Muhammad, A. Guillaume) 

Other references within this work: 

M123 is a page reference to W. Muir, The Life of Mohammed, AMS Press, 

2:123 is a reference to the Koran, chapter 2, verse 123. 

Bi, 3,4 is a reference to Sahih Bukhari, volume 1, book 3, number 4. 

M012, 1234 is a reference to Sahih Muslim, book 12 , number 1234 . 

This book is adapted from Mohammed and the Unbelievers by CSPI 




8:13 This [Allah cast terror into the Kafir’s heart] was because 
they opposed Allah and His messenger. Ones who oppose 
Allah and His messenger will be severely punished by Allah. 

Mohammed did not create the doctrine of Islam out of thin air 
or as a philosophical exercise. Each verse and hadith is a response 
to events in Mohammed’s life. In short, there is a context and that 
context comes from the Sira, Mohammed’s biography. 

In the Hadith we see the small details, but no big picture. The Koran 
has almost no story and very little reference to any history. The Sira 
provides a compelling vision of Mohammed and the explosion of Is- 
lam. Only the Sira gives an explanation of how Islam and its doctrine 
are a historical development. 

Mohammed went from being a preacher to a politician and war- 
rior. As a preacher he garnered only 150 followers in 13 years. Then 
he changed Islam’s strategy into a political form. After 10 years of ji- 
had — holy war — Mohammed became the first ruler of all of Arabia 
and he did not have a single opponent left alive in Arabia. He was 
completely and totally politically triumphant. The process required 
9 years of effort with a violent event every 7 weeks. 

The Sira is primarily about jihad. Over 75% of the text is about a 
political struggle, raids, battles and theft. It is jihad that produces 
slavery and the political basis for the legal subjugation of women. 

The Sira gives a context to Islam. Without the Sira and the Hadith, 
there is no Islam. Without the story of Mohammed, the Koran is 
incomprehensible and meaningless. 

The paragraphs of the Sira that relate to women have this symbol 
in the margin. 9 

If the paragraph is about slaves there is this symbol in the § 

And if it relates to a female slave or women and slavery, there is a 9 
double symbol. 8 




Mohammed’s father was called Abdullah, meaning slave of Allah. Al- 
lah was a high god of the many gods worshiped in the town of Mecca. His 
father died while his mother was pregnant. When he was five years old, his 
mother died and his grandfather took over his upbringing. Then Moham- 
med was orphaned for the third time when his grandfather died and his 
raising was assumed by his uncle, Abu Talib. All were of the Quraysh tribe. 
These brief facts are the history known about his early childhood. 

ms When Mohammed was eight years old, his grandfather died. He 
was then taken in by Abu Talib, his uncle. His uncle took him on a trad- 
ing trip to Syria, which was a very different place from Mecca. Syria was 
a sophisticated Christian country very much a part of the cosmopolitan 
culture of the Mediterranean. It was Syrian Christians who gave the Ar- 
abs their alphabet. When Mohammed was a child, there had never been 
a book written in Arabic. Only poems and business correspondence were 
written in Arabic. 


9 1120 When Mohammed was grown, he was hired by the wealthy widow, 

Khadija, a distant cousin, to act as her agent in trading with Syria. Mo- 
hammed had a reputation of good character and good business sense. 
Trading between Mecca and Syria was risky business because it took skill 
to manage a caravan and to make the best deal in Syria. 

9 1120 On one trip Mohammed took one of Khadija’s slaves along. When 

8 they returned, the slave related a story that a Christian had said Moham- 
med was destined to be a man of power. On the same trip Mohammed 
managed to double Khadija’s investment. She proposed marriage to him. 
They married and had six children, two sons who died in childhood, and 
four daughters who lived to adulthood. 


In Mecca there was a stone building in the shape of a cube called the 
Kabah. The Kabah was a religious site that contained many images of sev- 
eral tribal gods. We know of at least six other square stone houses called 
Kabahs that were in other towns in Arabia. However, Islam holds that the 
Kabah in Mecca was built by Abraham, the patriarch of the Jews. 



The Kabah was the focus of religious rituals and was also a commu- 
nity center. One of Mohammed’s ancestors, Qusayy, was a pagan religious 
leader. Rituals established by Qusayy included prostrations, ritual prayers, 
and circling the Kabah while praying and drinking from the well called 
Zam Zam. Other rituals included throwing stones at pillars which sym- 
bolized the devil. Most of Islam’s rituals come from the aboriginal Arabic 

Stones played an important part in the religions of Arabia. The Kabah 
was made of stone and had an important stone, the Black Stone, built into 
one corner. It was probably a meteorite and was a composite of several 
stones. It is small in size, roughly seven inches in diameter. This stone was 
touched only with the right hand and kissed by pilgrims. All of these na- 
tive rituals were incorporated into Islam. 

The god, Allah, seems to have been a male god of the moon and was 
probably the god of the Quraysh, Mohammed’s tribe. Each tribe had its 
gods. There was not much organization of the gods, unlike those of the 
Greeks or Romans. 





4:13 These are the limits set up by Allah. Those who obey Allah 
and His Messenger will be led into the Gardens watered by 
flowing rivers to live forever. This is the ultimate reward! 

1150 Mohammed would take month-long retreats to be alone and prac- 
tice the Quraysh religion. After the retreat he would go and circumambu- 
late (circle and pray) the Kabah. 

1152 At the age of forty Mohammed began to have visions and hear 
voices. His visions were first shown to him as bright as daybreak dur- 
ing his sleep in the month of Ramadan. Mohammed said that the angel, 
Gabriel, came to him with a brocade with writing on it and commanded 
him to read. “What shall I read?” The angel pressed him and said, “Read.” 
Mohammed said again, “What shall I read?” The angel pressed him again 
tightly and again commanded, “Read!” Again the reply, “What shall I 

The angel said: 

96:1 Recite: In the name of your Lord, Who created man from clots of 

96:3 Recite: Your Lord is the most generous, Who taught the use of the pen 
and taught man what he did not know. 

TH50 Khadija, his wife, sent men looking for him and brought him back 9 
to the house. He told her that he was afraid that he had gone insane or 
become an ecstatic poet and that he hated both things. She sent him to 
her cousin who was a Christian. The cousin told Mohammed that he was 
a prophet. 

1154 Khadija told Mohammed to let her know the next time that Gabriel 9 
arrived. When he told her that Gabriel had come, she had Mohammed 
sit next to her on her right side. She asked, “Can you see Gabriel?” Mo- 
hammed said, “Yes,” he said. Then she asked him to sit next to her on her 
right side and asked if he could see Gabriel and Mohammed said that he 
could. Then she told Mohammed to sit in her lap and asked if Gabriel was 
still there. Yes. Then she took off her clothes and asked if Gabriel was still 
there. Mohammed said, “No.” Khadija said, “Rejoice, he is an angel, not a 




9 1156 Mohammed’s wife was the first convert. From the beginning, she 

had encouraged and believed him. She knew that he was of good character 
and did not think him to be deceived or crazy. 

Soon he stopped hearing voices or seeing visions, became depressed 
and felt abandoned. Then his visions started again. 


1157 Mohammed began to pray with a new understanding. At first he 
performed two prostrations with each prayer. Later he understood that he 
should use four prostrations per prayer and use two prostrations when he 
was traveling. 

1158 Then, when he was on a mountain, he saw a vision in which Gabri- 
el showed him how to use ritual ablutions as a purification before prayer. 
He went home and showed his wife, Khadija, that he now understood how 
the prayer rituals were done and she copied him. 

9 T1162 Mohammed, his wife and nephew, Ali, started praying at the 

Kabah incorporating these new rituals of ablutions and prayer with pros- 
trations. A visitor asked about this new ritual and was told that it was a 
new religion with Mohammed as its prophet. 


The idea of having an Arabian prophet was new. The sources of the 
native religions were unknown, but the new religion of Islam had a self- 
declared prophet. The Jews had prophets, and now the Arabs had their 
own prophet in Mohammed. The religion was called Islam, meaning sub- 
mission. Those who joined Islam were called Muslims, meaning those 
who submitted. 

H6i A new element was added to the religion. Any person who rejected 
the revelations of Mohammed would be eternally punished. Only Islam 
was acceptable. 

1166 The Muslims went to the edge of Mecca to pray in order to be 
alone. One day a group of the Quraysh came upon them and began to 
mock them and a fight started. Saed, a Muslim, picked up the jaw bone 
of a camel and struck one of the Quraysh with it and bloodied him. This 
violence was the first blood to be shed in Islam. 



1167 When Mohammed first spoke about his new religion, it did not 
cause any concern among the Meccans. Then Mohammed began to con- 
demn the ancient religions. 

1168 Some of the Quraysh went to Abu Talib, Mohammed’s uncle and 
tribal protector, and said to him, “Your nephew has cursed our gods, in- 
sulted our religion, mocked our way of life, criticized our civilization, 
attacked our virtues, and said that our forefathers were ignorant and in 
error. You must stop him, or you must let us stop him. We will rid you of 
him.” Abu Talib gave them a soft reply and sent them away. 

H 69 The Quraysh realized that Abu Talib was not going to help. Mo- 
hammed continued to preach Islam and attack them and their lives. Mecca 
was a small town, everyone knew everyone else. Islam had split the town 
of Mecca and divided the ruling and priestly tribe. 

H 70 Things worsened. Soon there was open hostility in Mecca. Quar- 
rels increased, arguments became very heated. Complete disharmony 
dominated the town. The tribe started to abuse the recently converted 
Muslims, but Mohammed’s uncle Abu Talib was a respected elder and was 
able to protect them from real harm. 

The Koran gives such precise details and direct quotes of their ar- 
guments that if you were a Meccan of that day, you would easily know 
recognize the person. 

111:1 Let the hands of Abu Lahab [Mohammed’s uncle and an opponent] 
die and let him die! His wealth and attainments will not help him. He 
will be burned in Hell, and his wife will carry the firewood, with a palm 
fiber rope around her neck. 

1178 Fortunately for Mohammed, the Arabs of Medina were attracted 
to Islam’s message. Since half of their town consisted of Jews, the Arabs of 
Medina were used to the concept of only one god. 

This is the Sunna of Mohammed 




3:32 Say: Obey Allah and His messenger, but if they reject it, 
then truly, Allah does not love those who reject the faith. 

At first Mohammed only told close friends and relatives about his mes- 
sage. Then he began to preach more publicly. The Koran condemns those 
who argue with Mohammed, since to argue against Islam is to be an en- 
emy of Allah. The Koran gives an exact accounting of the arguments of the 
opponents of Mohammed. 

The Meccans reasoned that if the all-knowing god of the universe was 
the author of the Koran, then why did he not deliver the entire Koran at 
once, instead of delivering it a piece at a time. 

Mohammed continued to preach about Judgment Day, Paradise and 

43:68 My servants, there is no fear for you that day, nor will you grieve, be- 
cause you have believed in Our signs and surrendered your will to Allah. 
You and your wives shall enter the Garden rejoicing. Trays and goblets of 
gold will be passed around to them, and they will have everything they 
desire. They will dwell there forever. This is the Garden that will be given 
you because of your good deeds in life. There is an abundance of fruit 
there for you to enjoy. 

43:74 The guilty, however, will dwell forever in the torment of Hell. The 
punishment will not be lightened for them, and they will be over- 
whelmed with despair. We were not unjust toward them. It was they 
who were unjust. They will cry, “Malik [an angel who is a keeper of 
Hell], let your Lord put us out of our misery.” He will respond, “No! You 
will remain here.” Surely, We have brought the truth to you, but most 
of you hate the truth. 

43:79 Do they make plots against you? We also make plots. Do they think 
that We do not hear their secrets and their private conversations? We do, 
and Our messengers are there to record them. 

H83 Mohammed continued to preach the glory of Allah and condemn 
the Quraysh religion. He told them their way of life was wrong and their 
ancestors would burn in Hell. He cursed their gods, disparaged their reli- 
gion and divided the community, setting one tribesman against another. 
The Quraysh felt that this was unbearable. Tolerance had always been their 



way. There were many clans, many gods, many religions. Another religion 
was fine, why did Mohammed demean the other religions? 


1188, 189 Another group of Meccans sent for Mohammed to see if they 
could settle this painful division of the tribes. They went over old ground, 
and again Mohammed refused the money and power that was offered. 
He said they needed to decide whether or not they wanted to suffer in 
the next world and he had the only solution. If they rejected him and his 
message, Allah would tend to them. One of the Quraysh said, “Well, if you 
speak for and represent the only true god, then perhaps his Allah could do 
something for them.” 

“This land is dry. Let his Allah send them a river next to Mecca.” 

“They were cramped being next to the mountains. Let his Allah open 
up some space by moving the mountains back.” 

“Our best members are dead. Let your Allah renew them to life and in 
particular send back the best leader of our tribe, Qusayy. We will ask Qu- 
sayy whether or not you speak truly.” 

U89 Mohammed said that he was sent as a messenger, not to do such 
work. They could either accept his message or reject it and be subject to 
the loss. Then one of them said, “If you won’t use your Allah to help us, 
then let your Allah help you. Send an angel to confirm you and prove to us 
that we are wrong. As long as the angel is present, let him make you a gar- 
den and fine home and present you with all the gold and silver you need. 
If you do this, we will know that you represent Allah and we are wrong.” 
The Quraysh wanted miracles as a proof. 

H89 Mohammed did not perform miracles, because such things were 
not what Allah had appointed him to do. 

H89 Then one of the Quraysh said, “Then let the heavens be dropped 
on us in pieces as you say your Lord could do. If you do not we will not 
believe.” Mohammed said that Allah could do that if Allah wished or he 
might not if he wished. 

1189 They then said, “Did not your Lord know that we would ask you 
these questions? Then your Lord could have prepared you with better 
answers. And your Lord could have told you what to tell us if we don’t 
believe. We hear that you are getting this Koran from a man named A1 
Rahman from another town. We don’t believe in A1 Rahman. Our con- 
science is clear. We must either destroy you or you must destroy us. Bring 
your angels and we will believe them.” 



1191 Mohammed would go to the Kabah and tell the Meccans what ter- 
rible punishments Allah had delivered to others in history who had not 
believed their prophets. This was now one of his constant themes. Allah 
destroyed others like them who did not listen to men like Mohammed. 

1206 Some of the first Muslims were slaves and the Meccans prosecuted 
them when they could. Abu Bakr was a wealthy man and bought and freed 
six Muslim slaves to stop their persecution. 

This is the Sunna of Mohammed 



8:20 Believers! Be obedient to Allah and His messenger, and 
do not turn your backs now that you know the truth. Do 
not be like the ones who say, “We hear,” but do not obey. 

1226 Umar’s sister and husband submitted to Islam, but Umar, at this 9 
time, hated it. He strapped on his sword and went out looking for Mo- 
hammed. One of his friends saw him and told him that he should deal 
with his own family first. Did Umar not know that his sister and her hus- 
band had submitted to Islam? He went to their house, and when he got 
there, he could hear a verse from the Koran being recited. Umar stormed 
in and demanded to know more about the “garbage” he had just heard. He 
accused his sister of being a Muslim and hit her. When she cried, his heart 
softened. Umar read the Koran verses and became convinced that Mo- 
hammed was right and he went to Mohammed and submitted to Islam. 

1231 With Umar’s conversion, Islam became stronger and the Meccans 9 
decided to try a boycott as a non-violent way to pressure Mohammed. So 
the Quraysh posted a notice in the Kabah that no Meccan should marry 
any Muslim woman or sell them food. 

1239 Some Meccans approached Mohammed and said, “Let us worship 
what you worship. Then you worship what we worship. If what you wor- 
ship is better than what we worship, then we will take a share of your 
worship. And if what we worship is better, then you can take a share of 


T 11921 Mohammed was always thinking of ways to persuade all the Mec- 
cans to accept Islam. It came to him that the three gods of the Quraysh 
could intercede with Allah. Mohammed said, “These are the exalted high 
flying cranes whose intercession is approved.” The Meccans were delighted 
and happy. When Mohammed led prayers at the Kabah, all the Meccans, 
Muslim and Kafir, took part. The Quraysh hung about after the combined 

1 . The T references are to A 1 Tabari’s History of Prophets and Kings. 



service and remarked how happy they were. The tribe had been unified in 
worship, as before Islam. 

Then Mohammed said that he had been deceived by Satan. There was 
no bridge between Islam and the religion of the Meccans. The retraction 
by Mohammed made the relations between Islam and the Meccans far 
worse than it had ever been. 


1252 A1 Dausi was a poet of some standing in Arabia. When he visited 
Mecca, A1 Dausi went to the mosque and heard Mohammed preaching. 
He liked what he heard and followed Mohammed home. They spoke for 
some time and A1 Dausi decided to submit to Islam. 

9 1253 He then entered his home and told his wife, “Leave me, I want 

nothing to do with you.” She cried, “Why?” A1 Dausi said, “Islam has di- 
vided us and I now follow Mohammed.” She replied, “Then your religion 
is my religion.” He then instructed her in Islam. 

The Koran is constant in its admonitions about with whom a Muslim 
should be friends. 

4:144 Believers! Do not take Kafirs as friends over fellow believers. Would 
you give Allah a clear reason to punish you? 

§ 1260 There was one Christian in Mecca in whom Mohammed took an 

interest. He was a Christian slave who ran a booth in the market. Mo- 
hammed would go and speak with him at length. This led to the Quraysh 
claiming that what Mohammed said in the Koran, came from the Chris- 
tian slave. 


1264 One night as he lay sleeping, Mohammed said that the angel nudged 
him with his foot. Mohammed awoke. They went out the door and found 
a white animal, half mule and half donkey. Its feet had wings and could 
move to the horizon at one step. Gabriel put Mohammed on the white 
animal and off they went to Jerusalem to the site of the Temple. 

1264 There at the temple were Jesus, Abraham, Moses, and other proph- 
ets. Mohammed led them in prayer. Gabriel brought Mohammed two 
bowls. One was filled with wine and the other was filled with milk. Mo- 
hammed took the one with milk and drank it. That was the right choice. 
9 1265 Aisha, Mohammed’s favorite wife, used to say that Mohammed 

£ never left the bed that night, however, his spirit soared. When Mohammed 
went out into Mecca to tell the story of his Night Journey, the owner of the 



home that Mohammed in which Mohammed had slept in sent her black, 
female slave to follow Mohammed and see how the Meccans reacted to 
his story. 

1266 Mohammed reported that Abraham looked exactly like himself. 
Moses was a ruddy faced man, tall, thin, and with curly hair. Jesus was 
light skinned with reddish complexion and freckles and lank hair. 

1269 Then he saw women hanging from their breasts. These women had 9 
given birth to bastards on their husbands. Mohammed said that Allah 
hates women who birth bastards. They deprive the true sons of their por- 
tion and learn the secrets of the harem. 

1270 Abraham took Mohammed into Paradise and there was a beautiful 9 
woman with red lips. Mohammed asked who she belonged to, for she was 
very attractive to him. She belong to Zaid. When he got back, Mohammed 
told Zaid of this. 

1272 Mohammed continued to preach Islam and condemn the old Ara- 
bic religions. There were those of the Quraysh who defended their culture 
and religion and argued with him. Mohammed called them mockers and 
cursed one of them, “Oh Allah, blind him and kill his son.” 

The Koran records the actual quotes of Mohammed’s opponents. 

41:26 The Kafirs say, “Do not listen to this Koran. Instead speak during its 
reading so that you might gain the upper hand.” But We will certainly 
give the Kafirs a taste of a terrible punishment, and We will repay them 
for their evil deeds. The reward of Allah’s enemies is the Fire. The Fire 
will be their immortal home, a fitting reward for rejecting Our signs. 

1272 One day Mohammed stood with the angel, Gabriel, as the Quraysh 
performed the rituals of their religion. Among them were the leaders who 
defended their native culture and religion and opposed Mohammed. 
When the first leader passed by Gabriel, Gabriel threw a leaf in his face 
and blinded him. Gabriel then caused the second one to get dropsy which 
killed him. Gabriel caused the third man to develop an infection which 
killed him. The fourth man was caused later to step on a thorn which 
killed him. Gabriel killed the last man who dared to not worship Allah 
with a brain disease. 


1278 Mohammed’s protector was his uncle, Abu Talib. When Abu Talib 
fell ill, some of the leaders of the Quraysh came to his bedside. They said 
to him, “ Please work out a compromise between Mohammed and us.” 



1278 So Abu Talib called Mohammed to his side. “Nephew, these men 
have come so that you can give them something and they can give you 
something.” Mohammed said, “If they will give me one word, they can 
rule the Persians and the Arabs. And they must accept Allah as their Lord 
and renounce their gods.” 

1278 Mohammed turned his attention to his dying uncle. He asked him 
to become a Muslim and then Mohammed could intercede for him on 
judgment day. His uncle died as a Kafir. 

Abu Talib had taken the orphan Mohammed into his home and raised 
him. He took Mohammed on caravan trading missions to Syria and taught 
him how to be a businessman. Abu Talib was the clan chief who protected 
Mohammed’s life when the rest of Mecca wanted to harm him. Abu Talib 
was Mohammed’s life and security, but he was damned to Hell. 

After Abu Talib’s death, the pressure on Mohammed was greater. It 
reached the point where one of the Quraysh threw dust at Mohammed. 
This was the worst that happened. 

9 The death of his wife, Khadija, had no political effect, but it was a blow 

to Mohammed. His wife was his chief confidant, and she consoled him. 


9 Mi 13 1 About three months after the death of Khadija Mohammed mar- 
ried Sauda, a widow and a Muslim. 

9 mi 13 Abu Bakr had a daughter, Aisha, who was six years old. Soon after 
marrying Sauda, Mohammed was betrothed to Aisha, who was to become 
his favorite wife. The consummation of the marriage would not take place 
until she turned nine. 

M 031 , 5977 2 Aisha reported Mohammed having said: I saw you 
in a dream for three nights when an angel brought you to me in a 
silk cloth and he said: Here is your wife, and when I removed (the 
cloth) from your face, lo, it was yourself, so I said: If this is from 
Allah, let Him carry it out. 

1279 With Abu Talib’s death, Mohammed needed political allies. Mo- 
hammed went to the city of Taif, about fifty miles away, with one servant. 
In Taif he met with three brothers who were politically powerful. Moham- 
med called them to Islam and asked them to help him in his struggles with 
those who would defend their native religions. 

His trip was a failure and he returned to Mecca. 

1 The M refers to the page of Sir William Muir’s The Life of Muhammad. 

2 An M reference with a comma is Muslim’s Hadith, Sahih Muslim. 




Medina was about a ten-day journey from Mecca, but since ancient 
times the Medinans had come to Mecca for the fairs. Medina was half Jew- 
ish and half Arabian, and there was an ongoing tension between the two. 
The Jews worked as farmers and craftsmen and were literate. They were 
the wealthy class, but their power was slowly waning. In times past the 
Arabs had raided and stolen from the Jews who retaliated by saying that 
one day a prophet would come and lead them to victory over the Arabs. In 
spite of the tensions, the Arab tribe of Khazraj were allied with them. 

1294 At the next fair in Mecca, many of the new Muslims from Medina 
showed up. During the early part of the night about seventy of them left 
the caravan to meet with Mohammed. He recited the Koran and said, “I 
invite your allegiance on the basis that you protect me as you would your 
children.” The Medinans gave their oath. After the oath, one of them asked 
about their now-severed ties to the Jews of Medina. If they helped Mo- 
hammed with arms and they were successful would he go back to Mecca? 
Mohammed smiled and said, “No, blood is blood, and blood not to be 
paid for is blood not to be paid for.” Blood revenge and its obligation were 
common to them. “I will war against them who war against you and be at 
peace with those at peace with you.” 

1312 One of the two women who gave their oath of allegiance was named 9 
Nusayba. She took part in the battle of Yamama and was wounded twelve 

1299 One of the Medinans said to those who made the pledge, “Do you 
realize to what you are committing yourselves in pledging your support to 
this man? It is war against all. If you think that if you lose your property 
and your best are killed, and then you would give him up, then quit now. 
But if you think that you will be loyal to your oath if you lose your prop- 
erty and your best are killed, then take him, for it will profit you now and 
in Paradise.” They asked what they would receive for their oath, Moham- 
med promised them Paradise. They all shook hands on the deal. 


1304 Back in Medina the Muslims now practiced their new religion 
openly. But most of the Arabs still practiced their ancient tribal religions. 
The Muslims would desecrate the old shrines and ritual objects. They 
would even break into houses and steal ritual objects and throw them into 
the latrines. On one occasion they killed a dog and tied the dog’s body to 
a ritual object and thew it into the latrine. 




1314 The Muslim Medinans had pledged to support Mohammed in war 
and to help the Muslims from Mecca. The Muslims in Mecca left and went 
to Medina. The Muslims from both Mecca and Medina were about to be 

This is the Sunna of Mohammed 





64:12 So obey Allah and His messenger. But if you turn 
your backs to them, Our messenger is not to blame, for his 
duty is only to deliver Our warning clearly. Allah! There is 
no god but Him! Let the faithful put their trust in Allah. 

Mohammed was one of the last to leave Mecca for Medina. In Medina 
Mohammed built the first mosque. There were now two types of Muslims 
in Medina. The native Medinan Muslims were called the Helpers, and the 
new arrivals were called the Immigrants. 

9 1335 Ali left for Medina three days after Mohammed. Ali spent two 

nights in a town on the way to Medina. He noticed that every night a 
man came to the door of an unmarried Muslim woman. Ali questioned 
her about this. She told Ali that the man was bringing stolen Kafir ritual 
objects to her and that she would burn them. 


Mohammed drew up a political charter that included the basis of war. 
The Jews were included in the charter as allies of the Muslims. Moham- 
med was to be the arbitrator in disputes. 


9 M177 About seven months after arriving in Medina, Mohammed, aged 

fifty-three, consummated his marriage with Aisha, now age nine. She 
moved out of her father’s house into what was to become a compound of 
apartments adjoining the mosque. She was allowed to bring her dolls into 
the harem due to her age. 


In Mecca, Mohammed had divided the community into Muslims and 
those practicing the native Arabic religions. In Mecca he adopted all 
the classical Jewish stories to prove his prophecies and spoke well of 



the Jews. However, there were almost no Jews living in Mecca, and 
therefore, no one to differ with him. 

In Medina, half of the population were Jews who let Mohammed know 
they disagreed with him. So in Medina, Mohammed argued with Jews as 
well as the Kafir Arabs. Even though there were very few in the town who 
were Christian, Mohammed argued against them as well. All Kafirs were 
verbally attacked in Medina. 

1415 Thirteen years after he started preaching and one year after going 
to Medina, Mohammed began to prepare for war as commanded by Allah. 

He would fight his enemies: the Kafirs. 


1416-423 Mohammed sent his fighters out on seven armed raids to find a 
trade caravan headed to Mecca. 

On the eighth try the jihadists found the caravan. They killed one man 
and captured the rest. The booty and captives were taken back to Medina. 
There was a small problem. They had raided and killed someone in a sa- 
cred month of peace. This violated Arabic tribal custom. 

But the Koran said that killing the Kafirs in the sacred months was a 
moral act. For the Meccans to resist Islam was an offence against Allah, so 
the killing was justified. 


The next Meccan caravan was large. When the Meccans got wind that 
the Muslims were going to attack, they sent out a small army to protect it. 
Mohammed sent out his men to either attack the caravan or do battle with 
the protecting army. 

1433 Mohammed and his men headed out of Medina for what would 
prove to be one of the most important battles in all of history, a battle that 
would change the world forever. 

1435 Mohammed was cheered. He said, “I see the enemy dead on the § 
ground.” They headed towards Badr and camped near there for the night. 

He sent several scouts to the well at Badr and the scouts found two slaves 
with water camels. They felt sure they were from the caravan and brought 
back them back to Mohammed. Two of Mohammed’s men questioned 
them as Mohammed was nearby praying. Mohammed wanted to know 
which group they were facing — the Quraysh caravan or the army under 
Abu Sufyan. The men replied that they were from the Quraysh. While 



Mohammed prayed, his men began to beat them and torture the captured 

§ 1436 Mohammed told his men that the slaves told them the truth until 

they started to beat and torture them. Then the slaves had lied but it had 
been the lie that the Muslims wanted to hear. Mohammed asked the slaves 
how many of the Meccan army there were and who were the leaders? 
When they told him, he was delighted and told his warriors that Mecca 
had sent their best men to be slaughtered. 

1440-444 The Meccans marched forth at daybreak. The battle began. 

1445 Some arrows flew and one Muslim was killed. Mohammed ad- 
dressed his army. “By Allah, every man who is slain this day by fighting 
with courage and advancing, not retreating, will enter Paradise.” One of 
his men had been eating dates said, “You mean that there is nothing be- 
tween me and Paradise except being killed by the Quraysh?” He flung the 
dates to the side, picked up his sword and set out to fight. He got his wish 
and was killed later. 

1452 The battle went well for the outnumbered Muslims. After the battle 
a jihadist brought Mohammed the head of his enemy, Abu Jahl. He said, 
“Here is the head of the enemy of Allah” and threw it at Mohammed’s feet. 
The Prophet said, “Praise be to Allah.” 

1455 As the bodies were dragged to a well, one of the Muslims saw the 
body of his father thrown in. He said, “My father was a virtuous, wise, 
kind, and cultured man. I had hoped he would become a Muslim. He died 
a Kafir. His abode is hellfire forever.” 

Before Islam the killing of kin and tribal brothers had been forbidden 
since the dawn of time. After Islam, brother would kill brother and sons 
would kill their fathers, fighting in Allah’s cause — jihad. 

1454 The bodies of the Quraysh were thrown into a well. The Apostle 
of Allah leaned over the well and shouted at the bodies, “Oh people of 
the well, have you found what Allah promised to be true?” The Muslims 
were puzzled by his question. Mohammed explained that the dead could 
hear him. 

1459 They set off for Medina with the spoils of war and the prisoners to 
be ransomed, except for one who had spoken against Mohammed. He was 
brought in front of the Prophet to be killed, but before the sword struck, 
he asked, “Who will care for my family?” 

M 230 The Prophet replied, “Hell!” After he fell dead, Mohammed said, 
“Unbeliever in Allah and his Prophet and his Book! I give thanks to Allah 
Who has killed you and made my eyes satisfied.” 



1481 After war and victory there were the spoils of war to divide. One 
fifth went to the Apostle, Allah’s prophet. 


1465 Among the prisoners was Mohammed’s son-in-law, Abul-As, who 9 
was also the nephew of Khadija, Mohammed’s wife. As a matter of fact, 
Khadija had asked Mohammed to look for a wife for her nephew, and it 
had been Mohammed who suggested marriage to their daughter, Zaynab. 
This was before Mohammed became a prophet and he never opposed 
Khadija at that time. When Mohammed went to Medina, the Meccans 
had tried to get Abul-As to divorce Mohammed’s daughter, but he refused, 
even though Abul-As had never become a Muslim himself. Mohammed 
was fond of him. 

1465 But there was a second Meccan, Utba, who had married Moham- 9 
med’s second daughter. When the Meccans approached him to divorce 
Mohammed’s daughter, Utba agreed on the condition he could have 
his pick of two women. They agreed and Utba divorced Mohammed’s 

1466 Abul-As was captured at Badr. His wife sent the money for his ran- 9 
som and included with it a necklace that Khadija, Mohammed’s wife, had 
given her on her wedding day. When Mohammed saw the necklace, he 
softened and asked the captors to forgo the ransom and return Abul-As to 
his daughter. The captors agreed. 

1467 Mohammed set a condition that his daughter, Zaynab, be allowed 9 
to come and see him. So when Abul-As returned to Mecca, he told Zaynab 

to go to Medina to see Mohammed. She prepared and left on a camel 
with her brother-in-law. The Meccans decided to chase after them and 
caught her on the road. One of the Meccans approached with his spear 
and threatened her. The story is vague, but she may have been pregnant 
and the panic caused her to abort. Her brother-in-law drew his bow and 
threatened to kill all of the Meccans. 

1467 The leader of the Meccans asked him to unstring his bow and talk. 9 
He said, “Look, we have just been humiliated by Mohammed, and now 
you are taking his daughter to him very publicly. Come back to Mecca 
and wait until the anger has died down and then leave quietly.” And that is 
what they did. Later he took her away in the middle of the night. 

1469 Later when Mohammed sent out raiders, he told them that if they 9 
found one of the two men who threatened his daughter, they were to burn 
them to death. Later, he told them not to burn them because that was 
Allah’s punishment. They should just kill them, instead. 



9 1470 Zaynab continued to live in Medina, while Abul-As lived in Mecca. 

Abul-As headed a trading expedition to Syria. Mohammed warriors at- 
tacked the caravan and captured all of the goods, while Abul-As escaped 
to Medina where he hid out with Zaynab. Mohammed agreed that he was 
not to be harmed, but that he and Zaynab could not have sex since she 
was a Muslim. 

9 1470 Mohammed then went to the warriors who had taken Abul-As’s 

property and asked them to return it and they did. Abul-As then submit- 
ted to Islam. He and Zaynab were then considered to be married again. 


1540 - 543 , T 1365 Seven days after Mohammed returned from Badr, there 
were four more armed raids, but no contact with the enemy, the Kafirs. 

Mohammed had become a political force unlike any ever seen before 
in history. The fusion of religion and politics with a universal mandate 
created a permanent historic force. Muslims believer will be no peace until 
all the world is Islam. The spoils of war will provide the wealth of Islam. 
The awe of Mohammed is the fear of Allah. 

Bi,7,33i The Prophet said, “I have been given five things which 
were not given to anyone else before me. 

1. Allah made me victorious by awe, by His frightening my en- 
emies for a distance of one month’s journey. 

2. The earth has been made for me and for my followers a place 
for praying and to perform my rituals, therefore anyone of my fol- 
lowers can pray wherever the time of a prayer is due. 

3. The spoils of war has been made Halal (lawful ) for me yet it 
was not lawful for anyone else before me. 


Mohammed left Mecca as a preacher and prophet. He entered Medina 
with about 150 Muslim converts. After a year in Medina there were about 
250-300 Muslims and most of them were very poor. After the battle of 
Badr, a new Islam emerged. Mohammed rode out of Medina as a politi- 
cian and general. Islam became an armed political force with a religious 
motivation, jihad. 

This is the Sunna of Mohammed 




9:63 Do they not know that whoever opposes Allah 
and His Messenger will abide in the Fire of Hell, where 
they will remain forever? This is the great shame. 

When Mohammed arrived in Medina about half the town were Jews. 
There were three tribes of Jews and two tribes of Arabs. Almost none of 
the Jews had Hebrew names. They were Arabs to some degree. At the 
same time many of the Arabs’ religious practices contained elements of 
Judaism. The Jews were farmers and tradesmen and lived in their own 
fortified quarters. In general, they were better educated and more pros- 
perous than the Arabs. 

Before Mohammed arrived, there had been bad blood and killing 
among the tribes. The last battle had been fought between the two Arab 
tribes, but each of the Jewish tribes had joined the battle with their par- 
ticular Arab allies. In addition to that tension between the two Arab tribes, 
there was a tension between the Jews and the Arabs. The division of the 
Jews and fighting on different sides was condemned by Mohammed. The 
Torah preached that the Jews should be unified, and they failed in this. 

All of these quarrelsome tribal relationships were one reason that Mo- 
hammed was invited to Medina, but the result was further polarization, 
not unity. The new split was between Islam and those Arabs and their 
Jewish partners who resisted Islam. 

1351 About this time, the leaders of the Jews spoke out against Mo- 
hammed. The rabbis began to ask him difficult questions. Doubts and 
questions arose about his doctrine. But for Mohammed, doubts about 
Allah were evil. However, two of the Jewish Arabs joined with Moham- 
med as Muslims. They believed him when he said that he was the Jewish 
prophet that came to fulfill the Torah. 


Mohammed said repeatedly that the Jews and Christians corrupted 
their sacred texts in order to conceal the fact that he was prophesied in 
their scriptures. The stories in the Koran are similar to those of the Jew’s 
scriptures, but they make different points. In the Koran, all of the stories 



found in Jewish scripture indicated that Allah destroyed those cultures 
that did not listen to their messengers. According to Mohammed, the 
scriptures of the Jews had been changed to hide the fact that Islam is the 
true religion and that he was the last prophet of the Jews. 

1369 The Jews’ sins are so great that Allah has changed them into apes. 
Still they will not learn and refuse to admit that Mohammed is their 
prophet. They know full well the truth and hide and confuse others. Even 
when they say to Mohammed they believe, they conceal their resistance. 

2:63 And remember, Children of Israel, when We made a covenant with 
you and raised Mount Sinai before you saying, “Hold tightly to what We 
have revealed to you and keep it in mind so that you may guard against 
evil.” But then you turned away, and if it had not been for Allah’s grace 
and mercy, you surely would have been among the lost. And you know 
those among you who sinned on the Sabbath. We said to them, “You will 
be transformed into despised apes.” So we used them as a warning to 
their people and to the following generations, as well as a lesson for the 

1370 The Jews have understood the truth of Mohammed and then 
changed their scriptures to avoid admitting that Mohammed is right. 


9 1375 A group of rabbis came to Mohammed and asked him, “Why does 

a boy resemble his mother if the sperm comes from the father?” Moham- 
med replied that a man’s fluid is thick and white and a woman’s fluid is 
yellow and thin. The child resembles the mother or the father depending 
upon whose fluid was on top. 

9 1394 The Jews asked Mohammed to deliver judgment against a married 

man and a married woman who had committed adultery. Mohammed 
delivered the full judgment found in the Torah, which was stoning. The 
Jews had stopped using capital punishment. So the couple was brought 
to the mosque and they were stoned to death. When the man felt the first 
stone, he crouched over the woman until they were both dead. 

[B3,41,596;B4,51,9;B7,63,216;B9,83,15;B9,83,16;B9,83 > 18;B9,83,23;] 

During the lifetime of Mohammed, a Jew attacked a girl and 
took some silver ornaments she was wearing and crushed her 
head between two stones. Her relatives brought her to Moham- 
med while she was taking her last breaths and was unable to 
speak. He asked her who had killed her, and mentioned different 
names. She shook her head with each name, until Mohammed fi- 
nally mentioned the name of the criminal, and she nodded. So the 



Jew was questioned until he confessed. Then Mohammed ordered 
that the head of that Jew be crushed between two stones. 


1381 In Mecca, Mohammed spoke well of the Jews, who were very few. 
In Medina there were many Jews and his relations with them were tense. 
Up to now Mohammed had led prayer facing in the direction of Jerusa- 
lem. Now the kiblah, direction of prayer, was changed to the Kabah in 
Mecca. Some of the Jews came to him and asked why he had changed 
the direction of prayer. After all, he said that he followed the religion of 

Since Islam is the successor to Judaism, Allah was the successor to Jeho- 
vah. It was actually Allah who had been the deity of the Jews and the Jews 
had deliberately hidden this fact by corrupting the scriptures. For this, 
Muslims believe, the Jews have been cursed. 


1545 There were three tribes of Jews in Medina. The Beni Qaynuqa 
were goldsmiths and lived in a stronghold in their quarters. It is said by 
Mohammed that they broke the treaty that had been signed when Mo- 
hammed came to Medina. How they did this is unclear. 

1545 Mohammed assembled the Jews in their market and said: “Oh 
Jews, be careful that Allah does not bring vengeance upon you like what 
happened to the Quraysh. Become Muslims. You know that I am the 
prophet that was sent you. You will find that in your scriptures.” 

1545 They replied: “Oh, Mohammed, you seem to think that we are your 
people. Don’t fool yourself. You may have killed and beaten a few mer- 
chants of the Quraysh, but we are men of war and real men.” 

1546 Some time later Mohammed besieged the Beni Qaynuqa Jews in 
their quarters. Neither of the other two Jewish tribes came to their sup- 
port. Finally the Jews surrendered, expecting to be slaughtered after their 

But one of the Jews’ old allies persuaded Mohammed not to kill them. 
Mohammed exiled the Jews and took all of their wealth and goods. 


1547 Mohammed’s victory at Badr and ongoing jihad caused the 
Quraysh to choose a different route to Syria. They hired a new guide to 
take them over the new route. Mohammed had received intelligence about 



their route and sent a party to raid them. They were carrying a great deal 
of silver when the caravan stopped at a watering hole. The Muslims sur- 
prised them and the Quraysh managed to escape but Mohammed’s men 
were able to steal all the caravan’s goods, including the silver. The stolen 
goods were delivered to Mohammed in Medina. 


1548 When A1 Ashraf, a Jew of Medina, heard that two of his friends had 
been killed at Badr, he said that it was better to be in the grave than on 
earth with Mohammed. So the “enemy of Allah” composed some poems 
bewailing the loss of his friends and attacking Islam. 

9 T1369 Then A1 Ashraf wrote a sexual poem about a Muslim woman. 

1551 When Mohammed heard of A1 Ashraf ’s critical poetry about his 
politics, he said, “Who will rid me of A1 Ashraf?” A Muslim said, “I will kill 
him for you.” Days later, Mohammed found out that his assassin was not 
doing anything, including eating or drinking. Mohammed summoned 
him and asked what was going on. The man replied that he had taken on 
a task that was too difficult for him to do. Mohammed said that it was a 
duty which he should try to do. The assassin said, “Oh Apostle of Allah, 
I will have to tell a lie.” The Prophet said, “Say what you like, you are free 
in the matter.” 

1552 Through the use of lies three Muslims were able to kill A1 Ashraf. 
When they returned to Mohammed, he was praying. They told him that 
they had killed the enemy of Allah. Their attack terrorized all the Jews. 
There was no Jew in Medina who was not afraid. 


1554 The Apostle of Allah said, “Kill any Jew who falls into your pow- 
er.” Hearing this Muhayyisa fell upon a Jewish merchant who was a busi- 
ness associate and killed him. Muhayyisa’s brother was not a Muslim and 
asked him how he could kill a man who had been his friend and partner 
in many business deals. The Muslim said that if Mohammed had asked 
him to kill his brother he would have done it immediately. His brother 
said, “You mean that if Mohammed said to cut off my head you would 
do it?” “Yes,” was the reply. The older brother then said, “By Allah, any 
religion which brings you to this is marvelous.” And he decided then and 
there to become a Muslim. 

This is the Sunna of Mohammed 




24:52 It is such as obey Allah and His Apostle, 
and fear Allah and do right, that will win. 

1404 While some Christians were in Medina, they argued religion with 
Mohammed. They held forth with the doctrine of the Trinity and the 
divinity of Christ. Mohammed later laid out the Islamic version of the 
Christian doctrine. The Koran tells in detail the true story of Jesus, who is 
just another of Allah’s prophets, and that the Trinity of the Christians is 
Allah, Jesus and Mary. 

1406 No one has power except through Allah. Allah gave the prophet 
Jesus the power of raising the dead, healing the sick, making birds of clay 
and having them fly away. Allah gave Jesus these signs as a mark of his be- 
ing a prophet. But Allah did not give the powers of appointing kings, or 
the ability to change night to day. This lack of power show that Jesus was a 
man, not part of the Trinity. If he were part of God, then all powers would 
have been in his command. Then he would not have to have been under 
the dominion of kings. 


1407 Imran was the father of Moses, Aaron and Mary, the mother of 
Jesus 1 . 

19:16 And mention Mary in the Scripture, when she withdrew from her 
family to a place in the East. She took a veil to screen herself from them. 
Then We sent Our spirit [Gabriel] to her in the form of a perfect man. 
She said, “I seek protection from you with Merciful Allah. If you fear 
Him, then do not come near me.” 

19:19 He said, “I am merely your Lord’s messenger. I come to announce to 
you the gift of a holy son.” 

19:20 She said, “How can I have a son when no man has touched me, and 
I am chaste?” 

19:21 Hesaid, “Evenso, it will happen. Your Lord says, ‘That is easy for Me.’ 
We will make him a sign for all men and a mercy from Us. It is something 

1. This version of history is at variance with Christian doctrine. Jesus was 
born 1600 years after Moses. 



that is decreed.” And she conceived him, and she withdrew with him to 
a remote place. When the pain of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a 
palm-tree, she said, “If only I had died before this.” 

19:24 But a voice from below her said, “Do not grieve; your Lord has pro- 
vided a stream beneath you. Shake the trunk of the palm-tree towards 
yourself; it will drop fresh ripe dates upon you. So eat and drink and dry 
your eyes. And if you should see any man, say, ‘I have promised a fast to 
Allah. I will speak to no one today.’” 

1407-8 Christ spoke in the cradle and then spoke to men as a grown man. 
Speaking from the cradle is a sign of his being a prophet. Christ’s prophet- 
hood was confirmed by making clay birds fly. By Allah’s power, Christ 
healed the blind, the lepers, and raised the dead. 

19:27 Later, she brought the baby to her people, carrying him in her arms. 
They said, “Mary, you have come with an amazing thing. Sister of Aaron, 
your father was not a wicked man, and your mother was not unchaste.” 
But she merely pointed to the baby. They said, “How can we speak with 
an infant in a cradle?” The child said, “Surely, I am the servant of Allah. 
He has given me the Book and has made me a prophet. He has made me 
blessed wherever I am; and has urged me to pray and give alms, as long as 
I live; and to be dutiful to my mother; and He has not made me arrogant 
or miserable. The peace of Allah was on me the day I was born, and will 
be on me the day that I die; and on the day I will be resurrected.” 

19:34 This was Jesus, the son of Mary; this is a statement of truth about 
which they [Christians] dispute. It does not befit the majesty of Allah 
to father a son. Glory be to Him! When He decrees something, He only 
needs to say, “Be,” and it is. Surely, Allah is my Lord and your Lord, so 
serve Him. That is the right path. 

1408 Christ only comes through Allah. Christ’s signs of being a proph- 
et come only from Allah. Jesus enjoins others to worship Allah, not him. 
But when the people refused to hear him, the Disciples came forth to 
help him with his mission. The Disciples were servants of Allah and were 
Muslims just like Christ. 

1409 Christ was not crucified. When the Jews plotted against Christ, they 
found Allah to be the best plotter. Allah took Jesus up directly to him and 
will refute those who say he was crucified and was resurrected. On the 
final day, the Day of Resurrection, those who follow Christ but do not 
believe in his divinity will be blessed. Those who insist that Christ is God, 
part of the Trinity, and reject true faith will be punished in Hell. 

This is the Sunna of Mohammed